Turkish jets have pounded Kurdish rebel hideouts in northern
French troops have begun direct ground combat against fighters belonging to…
A dispute between the Serbian government and ethnic Albanians in…
|Morocco: A Mediterranean country at a Crossroad.|
|Wednesday, 31 August 2011 09:45|
Summary of the conclusions of MEDPRO Technical Report “
This review is based on the MEDPRO Technical Report written by S. Colombo  regarding the difficulties that
The modern history of
A significant change in the political evolution under King Mohammed VI were the reforms that transformed the political system from a traditional monarchy typical of the Arab world to a secular constitutional monarchy in 1999.
The Moroccan monarchy seems aware of the social and economic problems in the country. With the rise to the throne of the young King Mohammed VI in 1999, the country embarked on a series of reforms aimed at portraying
Beyond the king, the seemingly pluralistic Moroccan political system is characterized by a huge number of political parties, which do not participate in the management of authority and lack a strong popular base. These characteristics of the party system create several obstacles to good governance and institutional quality. First, the party and electoral systems favour highly heterogeneous coalitions. Parties that subscribe to political Islam and parties that support the King’s policies compose the Moroccan political system. Second, rampant corruption resulting from the nature of investment and privatisation processes, which favour domestic private actors that are close to the monarchy, has produced policies that benefit a limited part of the population.
The fragmentation of the party system is the result of the process of top-down political liberalisation and the result of the outcome of the decline of traditional nationalist and leftist parties, which have been replaced by new parties.
First of all, the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) was created by the former close confidant of the king Fouad Ali Al-Himma. This party has positioned itself as an “anti-party establishment party” keeping its distance from the government but at the same time building strong ties with the palace. Turning to other political actors, within the camp of political Islam, the major divide runs between the Justice and Development Party (PJD), which has accepted to play the monarchy’s game and the Justice and Charity Movement, which refuses to participate in politics. It is clear that Moroccan regime has been able to control and consolidate the political system.
As for the external relations of the Moroccan regime, the contribution to build a close relationship between the North African country and the EU in the framework of the EU-Moroccan Association Agreement, signed in 1996 and entered into force in
The report of
The picture of the country’s development is mixed. Although the country seems to have embarked on significant economic reforms in the face of structural imbalances, the quality of institutions and governance, hadn’t have demonstrated the results that improved, quick financial performance could create. On the one hand, positive views stress the fact that a number of improvements and investments have been made in recent years, including the revision of the family code and the launch of capital-intensive projects, mainly encouraged and sponsored by external actors such as the EU. On the other hand, others point to the fact that the regime has become the obstacle to the state’s sustainable development. GDP growth over the last few years and future projections will not suffice to redress the economic situation and to generate employment and development. Statistics speak of the need to attain at least 7% GDP growth. Moreover economic liberalization especially when it originates in external actors, can’t be able in most of the times to achieve sustainable economic growth to political reforms that will guide to a liberal democracy(several examples in Arab world lead to this conclusion). 
Moreover recent events in
 Islamic Liberalism- A critique of development ideologies/Leonard Binder/
 Power and Succession in Arab Monarchies: A reference Guide/Joseph A. Kechichian
The Moroccan Naationalist Movement: Istiqlal, the Sultan and the Country/E.G.H. Joffe/The Journal of